(Peer-Reviewed) An Annotated List of Lizards (Sauria: Squamata) Recorded from the People’s Republic of China
Bo CAI 蔡波 ¹ ² ³, Xiang JI 计翔 ⁴, Yingyong WANG ⁵, Dingqi RAO 饶定齐 ⁶, Song HUANG 黄松 ⁷, Yuezhao WANG 王跃招 ¹, Zhaobin SONG 宋昭彬 ², Xianguang GUO 郭宪光 ¹, Jianping JIANG 江建平 ¹
¹ Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, China
中国 四川 成都 中国科学院成都生物研究所
² Key Laboratory of Bio-resources and Eco-environment of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, Sichuan, China
中国 四川 成都 四川大学生命科学学院生物资源与生态环境教育部重点实验室
³ University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
中国 北京 中国科学院大学
⁴ Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biodiversity and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, Jiangsu, China
中国 江苏 南京 南京师范大学生命科学学院 江苏省生物多样性与生物技术重点实验室
⁵ State Key Laborator y of Biocontrol/The Museum of Biology, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
中国 广东 广州 中山大学生命科学学院生物防治国家重点实验室/生物博物馆
⁶ Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, Yunnan, China
中国 云南 昆明 中国科学院昆明动物研究所
⁷ College of Life Sciences, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, Anhui, China
中国 安徽 芜湖 安徽师范大学生命科学学院
From the perspectives of biodiversity conservation and management, there is an urgent need to have at hand current synopses of classification and distributions of species. In this paper, we review and summarize the classifications, Chinese and English names, type specimens, type localities and distributions of China’s lizard fauna to promote scientific exchange and species conservation among relevant people in China and internationally.
As of December 31, 2020, a total of 230 species of lizard, belonging to 44 genera and 12 families, have been recorded from China, including 4 invasive species: 2 in the family Gekkonidae, 1 in Iguanidae and one in Dactyloidae. There are 115 endemic species, accounting for 50% of this group. The proportion of endemic species to China was the highest in the family Eublepharidae (84.62%), and the number of endemic species to China was the highest in the family Agamidae (42 species).
The species distributions and classification in the “Fauna Sinica (Reptilia 2): Squamata (Lacertilia)” were updated. Among the provincial administrative units, there is a larger number of species in the southern provinces, such as Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi and Taiwan. Sichuan, Yunnan, and Taiwan harbour relatively more endemic species than others. A total of 154 species of lizards were first discovered in China, and the type localities of these species are concentrated in Yunnan, Taiwan, Tibet, Xinjiang, and Sichuan.