Year
Month
(Peer-Reviewed) Giant magneto field effect in up-conversion amplified spontaneous emission via spatially extended states in organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites
Tangyao Shen 沈唐尧 ¹, Jiajun Qin ², Yujie Bai 白玉杰 ¹, Jia Zhang ³, Lei Shi 石磊 ¹, Xiaoyuan Hou 侯晓远 ¹, Jian Zi 资剑 ¹, Bin Hu 胡斌 ³
¹ Department of Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
中国 上海 复旦大学物理系
² Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, Linköping 58183, Sweden
³ Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA
Opto-Electronic Advances, 2022-02-28
Abstract

Up-conversion lasing actions are normally difficult to realize in light-emitting materials due to small multi-photon absorption cross section and fast dephasing of excited states during multi-photon excitation. This paper reports an easily accessible up-conversion amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) in organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites (MAPbBr3) films by optically exciting broad gap states with sub-bandgap laser excitation.

The broad absorption was optimized by adjusting the grain sizes in the MAPbBr₃ films. At low sub-bandgap pumping intensities, directly exciting the gap states leads to 2-photon, 3-photon, and 4-photon up-conversion spontaneous emission, revealing a large optical cross section of multi-photon excitation occurring in such hybrid perovskite films. At moderate pumping intensity (1.19 mJ/cm²) of 700 nm laser excitation, a significant spectral narrowing phenomenon was observed with the full width at half maximum (FWHM) decreasing from 18 nm to 4 nm at the peak wavelength of 550 nm, simultaneously with a nonlinear increase on spectral peak intensity, showing an up-conversion ASE realized at low threshold pumping fluence.

More interestingly, the up-conversion ASE demonstrated a giant magnetic field effect, leading to a magneto-ASE reaching 120%. In contrast, the up-conversion photoluminescence (PL) showed a negligible magnetic field effect (< 1%). This observation provides an evidence to indicate that the light-emitting states responsible for up-conversion ASE are essentially formed as spatially extended states.

The angular dependent spectrum results further verify the existence of spatially extended states which are polarized to develop coherent in-phase interaction. Clearly, using broad gap states with spatially extended light-emitting states presents a new approach to develop up-conversion ASE in organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites.
Giant magneto field effect in up-conversion amplified spontaneous emission via spatially extended states in organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites_1
Giant magneto field effect in up-conversion amplified spontaneous emission via spatially extended states in organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites_2
Giant magneto field effect in up-conversion amplified spontaneous emission via spatially extended states in organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites_3
Giant magneto field effect in up-conversion amplified spontaneous emission via spatially extended states in organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites_4
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