(Peer-Reviewed) DRVI: Dual Refinement for Video Interpolation
Xuanyi Wu ¹, Zhenkun Zhou 周振坤 ², Anup Basu ¹
¹ Department of Computing Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2R3, Canada
² Huawei Fields Laboratory, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310000, China
IEEE Access, 2021-08-13

The quality of a video clip is considered to be poor if the resolution or the frame rate is low. Video interpolation is thus introduced to enhance video quality and provide a better viewing experience to users. However, there are still some challenges, like the blur caused by motion changes.

In this paper, we introduce a dual refinement technique for video interpolation (DRVI). It has three main steps, namely flow refinement, frame synthesis, and Haar refinement. The flow refinement can generate accurate bi-directional flows, which are more suitable for frame interpolation tasks. The Haar refinement uses the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT). It can preserve information in different frequency domains and also speed up the learning process. We also add an arbitrary time approximation module to allow multi-frame generation.

The number of learnable parameters in our model is much less than existing methods; still, it has excellent performance. Our method is trained on Vimeo90K (Xue et al. , 2019) and tested on three well-known datasets to demonstrate its effectiveness.
DRVI: Dual Refinement for Video Interpolation_1
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